Also, different cultures and regional of the world have their popular nomenclature A "major" lake is defined as that which is the largest by area, depth, volume, or cultural and/or environmental significance. For rank-order lists, see List of lakes by area, List of lakes by depth, List of lakes by volume. For some lakes, all or most of their water enters the lake through one source (such as groundwater), other lakes may receive water through several sources. When the glaciers recede like during the end of the last glacial period about 10,000 years ago, patches of ice in the depression on bedrock created by glacial erosion are left behind. The Malheur Lake in Oregon is an example of a volcanic lake that was formed by the damming of a river, the Malheur River, by lava flow. A select list of the top 3 to 5 major lakes per region with links to more detailed region lists of lakes. Over the years, precipitation accumulates in the natural depression, creating a lake. Landslides triggered by earthquakes or heavy rainfall are the most common cause of formation of a landslide lake (about 84% of such lakes result from this cause). Within the global hydrologic cycle, freshwater lakes constitute only about 0.009 percent of all free water, which amounts to less than 0.4 percent of all continental fresh water. Such reservoir lakes serve several purposes like the generation of hydroelectricity, storage of water for future needs, pisciculture, etc. Lakes are classified into various types based on their origin or mode of formation. Floods originating from landslide dams result in either backflooding during the time of formation of the lake or downstream flooding at the time of failure. Meteorite lakes are formed in the depressions made on land by the impact of a meteor or asteroid crashing on to the Earth’s surface. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, and therefore are distinct from lagoons, and are also larger and deeper than ponds. Such lakes are common in areas with karst topography. Which Species Are Most Venomous? An example of a lake formed in a caldera is the Crater Lake which is present within Mount Mazama’s caldera in Oregon, USA. The flow of a river is usually not straight but the river bends and meanders throughout its course due to the uneven and non-uniform topography of the land. As the name suggests, such lakes are formed by the tectonic movements of the Earth’s crust like tilting, folding, faulting, etc. The Lonar Crater Lake, a saline soda lake located in the Indian state of Maharashtra, is an example of a meteorite lake. Shoreline lakes are formed along the coastline or between islands and mainland mainly due to the deposition of sediments by rivers, wave action or ocean currents that result in the creation of a water body separated from a larger water body by such deposits. Often, sites excavated by people are left abandoned and are filled up with water from underground aquifers or precipitation, resulting in the formation of man-made lakes. As the river flows, a number of lakes are formed by the running water and are called the fluvial lakes. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions often lead to the formation of such lakes. Here is a description of these different types of lakes: Organic lakes are formed by the action of flora or fauna. Lake, any relatively large body of slowly moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin of appreciable size. Lakes A lake is a body of water of considerable size, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land apart from a river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. The Usoi Dam located in Tajikistan is a landslide dam triggered by an earthquake, the highest known of its kind. Such lakes are also formed due to the accumulation of water via precipitation in the cavity between two sand dunes. A "major" lake is defined as that which is the largest by area, depth, volume, or cultural and/or environmental significance. A solution lake is formed when the bedrock is soluble and the dissolution of the bedrock by precipitation and percolating water results in the formation of hollows or cavities that can give birth to a lake. Lakes produced as a result of the action of winds are called aeolian lakes. Similarly, the meeting of two spits dividing a larger lake results in a shoreline lake. Glacial lakes are quite common and most of North America’s and Europe’s lakes have a glacial origin. Such lakes are created as a direct or indirect result of human activities.

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