Certainly the Government are aware in this report that class inequalities are in health are a result of a number of inter-related factors including diet and housing. This explanation highlights the role of economic factors in the distribution of ill health. The Government also introduced something called NHS Direct, a telephone based helpline which gives advice to people who are unsure what to do about a health problem. Who are committed to lower these inequalities (Department of Health, 2004). All of this cost money, more money than the founders of the health system had ever envisaged and therefore the health service lurched from one financial crisis to the next with its biggest shake up occurring in 1990. This theory coincides with Wilkinson’s (1997) argument that “Poverty is the most important determinant of health”. Nursing Essay Though it can’t be disputed that there is a correlation between a less healthy lifestyle choice and ill health, it cannot be considered the full explanation for the presence of health inequalities (Townsend and Davison, 1990, Pratt 2006). I draw four conclusions from this. Government seem to be taking a much more integrated approach to the problem, an approach which rests on the findings of the Acheson Report. The Black Report concentrated heavily on materialist explanations of health inequality. It is arguably the case that the people most affected by these changes have been those in the lower classes of society. They have also taken steps to ensure that vulnerable groups can afford to heat their homes properly in winter. All work is written to order. The Black Report clearly identified many shortcomings within healthcare. Townsend and Davison (1990) also found that relatively few sick professionals experience downward occupational changes. Governments were optimistic that increasing social equity would lead to a healthy and long living population, it was not envisaged that demands on the health system would increase rather than decrease. During 1997-1999 males in professional occupations tended to live 7.4 years longer than males in unskilled manual occupations. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The Report was published in 1980 its brief had been to examine the reasons behind inequalities in health between different groups of people so that policy could be tailored to meet health needs. Browne and Bottrill (1999) have identified some of the major inequalities in health and they contend that unskilled manual workers are twice as likely to die before the age of 65 as are white collar workers in the highest class. 1997). The Acheson Report needs to be seen in its historical context. The Acheson Report reiterated the fact that materialist explanations of ill health recognise the wider context of material deprivation and inequalities can only be reduced by addressing its root causes. The report claims that all new policy proposals by government departments also have to take into account health impacts and also how that might have an effect on health inequalities. The most widely accepted recent study of health inequalities and social class was the Black Report of 1980, which gathered information relating to the Standardised Mortality Rates (SMR) for different social classes in Britain, based on the Registrar General’s categorization according to occupation. Research has come up with a number of different explanations for the relationship between social class and health inequalities. To qualify for the discount, you must have paid at least 50% of your order cost by 23:59 on Sunday 29th November 2020 (UTC/GMT). This combined effect contributes to the evident health inequalities. To qualify for the discount, you must have paid at least 50% of your order cost by 23:59 on Sunday 29th November 2020 (UTC/GMT). “Our unequal, unhealthy nation”, Sociology Review,9. Community and school initiatives to back the five a day campaign for consumption of more fruit and vegetables shows that class five families are eating more than similar families in other areas. The study found that the impact of class differences was lower for the lower age groups, particularly those between 16 and 25. During the last twenty years there have been significant changes in healthcare policy making and in the way in which the NHS operates. Government have now substantially increased winter fuel payments to all pensioners in an attempt to lessen inequality in this area. Materialist explanations regard the cause of health inequalities as the result of wider structures of power, poor working conditions, low pay and associated living standards such as bad diet and poor housing and lack of education. Unfortunately, even with all the actions that have been taken the gap between social groups is thought to have worsened (Sim and Mackie, 2006, Davey, 1990). *You can also browse our support articles here >, http://eprints.libr.port.ac.uk/archive/00000016/01/jechdiv3.pdf, http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_compendia/fosi2004/SocialInequalities_summary.pdf, http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_compendia/fosi2004/Health.pdf ch. The second explanation for these health inequalities is social selection. Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report London, HMSO, Asthana, S Gibson, A. The Acheson Report needs to be seen in its historical context. The following studies into health inequalities have found a causal link between social class and the incidence of ill health. McCormick, A., Fleming, D. and Charlton, J. Cause of death also varies by social class the major areas of health which showed such differences were, Ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory diseases andlung cancer. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Reference this. Walsh, M. Stephens, P. and Moore, S. 2000 Social Policy and Welfare. Sociology, Cambridge, Polity Press. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student.


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