The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. Harmonic Minor Scale The formula for the harmonic minor is WHWWH3H , that 3 in there represents three half steps (or 3 frets) until the next note in the scale. This combination of notes is called the minor scale. Similar to the patterns found when building from the 6th string, the 3rd string also gives you three distinct patterns and one pattern that incorporates open strings. The A Minor is relative to C Major. What is the minor scale? The minor scale positions in the sections above are derived from the CAGED system and span two octaves. Like the major scale, it, too, is a diatonic scale consisting of 7 notes and an octave note. The notes that make up guitar scales exist all over the fretboard. The A Minor scale consists of seven notes. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. If you moved the root note up two frets to A and followed the same whole-step/half-step structure, you would form the A minor scale. Position 5 is the only other position to contain three root notes. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. Learn more about Mailchimp’s privacy practices here. The A Minor is relative to C Major. From G to A is a whole step (2 semitones) (G – G# – A), From A to B♭ is a half step (1 semitone) (A – B♭), From B♭ to C is a whole step (B♭ – B – C). These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. Minor Scale Patterns and Positions on the Guitar Fretboard As you’ve described in the site Am Pentatonic Scale contains the notes ACDEG. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. It is created by lowering the 3rd degree of the major scale and follows a whole-step/half-step structure of W-H-W-W-H-W-W. The primary purpose of the harmonic minor scale is to give the V chord a major quality (more about chords later) The primary purpose of the melodic minor scale is to avoid the 1.5 step interval that occurs between scale degrees 6 and 7 in harmonic minor while at the same time allowing the V chord to remain major quality. With the root on the 6th string, you can form the following patterns. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard. Copyright © 2020 - - All rights reserved.Privacy & Terms of Use | Sitemap | Contact. In position 4, the root notes can be found on strings 5 and 3. If you were looking closely at each scale position, you may have noticed a relationship between a given position and the position adjacent to it. The minor scale, too, follows a set pattern of whole and half steps as follows: Whole – Half – Whole – Whole – Half – Whole – Whole. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. Starting with the G note on the 6th string, play each note ascending and descending across the fretboard. The minor scale produces a tonality that is more dark and sad than that of the major scale. The root notes in this position are found on strings 6, 5, and 1. This helps develop your ear for how the scale should sound as you progress through it. After the 5th position, the scale patterns repeat starting with the first position. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson & site updates. This is why the diagrams reference intervals rather than actual note names of the scale. In comparing the minor scale to the major scale, you see that the minor scale is consists of a flat 3rd, 6th, and 7th interval. Unlike the major scale that is bright and happy, the minor scale has a sad and emotional feel to it. In fact the minor scale is relative to the major scale. If you haven’t already read the lesson on the major scale and you’re not familiar with the major scale, I would recommend doing so now and coming back to this lesson. The root notes in position 5 are found on strings 6, 3, and 1. I agree to receive emails from Applied Guitar Theory. This lesson will make much more sense if you first have an understanding of the major scale. Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson updates! To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. Below each scale diagram is the guitar tab for playing that position and the audio so you can hear how it should sound. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[4]='FREQ';ftypes[4]='radio';fnames[3]='FLOCATION';ftypes[3]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Tags: With the root on the 5th string you get the following three scale patterns. In this lesson we’ll break down the minor scale and it’s qualities and take a look at how it is applied to the fretboard. This example happens to be for the G minor scale, but the root notes would be in the same location in this position regardless of which minor scale it is, be it A minor, E minor, etc. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. If this is applied to every note, we will get the corresponding harmonic minor scale. In the table below you see the differences between the G major scale and G minor scale. beginner , minor scale , natural minor. This site contains affiliate links. In the diagram below, you can see how each position of the minor scale is connected. The interval relationship is the same regardless of whether it’s the E minor scale, B minor scale, etc. 3 – Write down and play a C major scale, vertical approach (played across multiple strings) 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale … 2 – Play an C major scale, horizontal approach (on a single string) on the guitar. What makes it minor vs major? Each diagram contains the intervals for the scale position, the recommended fingering for each note in the position, and highlights the root note locations for each position. Play the notes in the number order shown below. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. Following this structure, we end up with flattened notes at the 3rd, 6th, and 7th degrees of the scale.


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