Kerkyra has a population of 103,300 (including Paxoi), Zakynthos 40,650, Kefallonia 39,579 (including Ithaca), Lefkada 22,536, Ithaki 3,052, Kythera 3,000 and Paxi 2,438. In English, the adjective relating to Ionia is Ionic, not Ionian. The islanders welcomed most of these reforms, and took up afternoon tea, cricket and other English pastimes. While Kefalonia Airport had the biggest increase nationwide by 13.11% compared to 2011, while Corfu had an increase of 6.31%. Today, their major industry is tourism. A popular vacation isle in the Ionian Sea. By the 4th century BC, most of the islands were absorbed into the empire of Macedon. The code has proven extremely effective, as many earthquakes since that time have caused no damage to new buildings. Kythera had been in Venetian hands since 1238. The seventh island, Kythira, is off the southern tip of the Peloponnese, the southern part of the Greek mainland. Ionian Sea, Latin Mare Ionium, Italian Mare Ionio, part of the Mediterranean Sea, lying between Albania (northeast), Greece (east), Sicily (southwest), and Italy (west and northwest). The main Ionian ports are Syracuse and Catania (Sicily), Taranto (Italy), Corfu (Ionian Islands), and Pátrai (Greece). A popular vacation isle in the Ionian Sea. The one exception was the conflict between Kerkyra and its mother-City Corinth in 434 BC, which brought intervention from Athens and triggered the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca was the name of the island home of Odysseus in the epic Ancient Greek poem the Odyssey by Homer. [citation needed]. Clue: Vacation spot in the Ionian Sea. Older or variant Greek forms are sometimes also used: Kefallinia for Kefallonia and Paxos or Paxoi for Paxi. The Treaty of Paris in 1815 turned the islands into the "United States of the Ionian Islands" under British protection (November 5, 1815). Corrections? The answer to this question: C O R … What is the world’s largest inland sea? Fteri Beach. The Ionian Sea includes the gulfs of Squillace and Taranto (Italy) and Árta, Patras, and Corinth (Greece). Updates? However, the GDP per capita of KeFalonia and Zante, 23,275 and 24,616 respectively, was much higher than the national figure. In 1862, Britain decided to transfer the islands to Greece, as a gesture of support intended to bolster the new King's popularity (probably and as a counterbalance to the newly established Italian state). After 400 years of peaceful Roman rule, the islands passed to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. [4] In 1807, the Ionian Islands were ceded again to the French in the Treaty of Tilsit and occupied by the French Empire. Ionian Sea vacation isle -- Find potential answers to this crossword clue at crosswordnexus.com Where is the Puerto Rico Trench? [7] The fertility rate for 2011 according to Eurostat was 1.35 live births per woman during her lifetime. Nevertheless, the region remains the third by population density with 90.1/km² nationwide, well above the national of 81.96/km². Today, all the islands are part of the Greek region of the Ionian Islands (Ionioi Nisoi), except Kythera, which is part of the region of Attica. The novel and movie Captain Corelli's Mandolin are set in Kefallonia, in which Captain Corelli is part of the Italian occupation force during the Second World War. The early Eretrian settlement at Kerkyra was displaced by colonists from Corinth in 734 BC. The main Ionian ports are Syracuse and Catania (Sicily), Taranto (Italy), Corfu (Ionian Islands), and Pátrai (Greece). The Ionian Sea coast, Catania, Sicily, Italy. Kefallonia is often spelled as Cephallenia or Cephalonia, Ithaki as Ithaca, Kerkyra as Corcyra, Kythera as Cythera, Lefkada as Leucas or Leucada and Zakynthos as Zacynthus or Zante. The islands thus became the only part of the Greek-speaking world to escape Ottoman rule. In recent decades, the islands have lost much of their population through emigration and the decline of their traditional industries, fishing and marginal agriculture. In January 1817, the British granted the islands a new constitution. The Ionian Islands lie off the western coast of Greece. Administratively today they belong to the Ionian Islands Region except for Kythera, which belongs to the Attica Region. On May 2, 1864, the British departed and the islands became three provinces of the Kingdom of Greece, though Britain retained the use of the port of Corfu. In the Ionian Sea, south of Greece, the Mediterranean reaches its greatest depth (16,000 feet [4,900 metres]). However, in 1862, Otto was deposed and a pro-British king, George I from Denmark, was installed. The islands were mostly a backwater during Ancient Greek times and played little part in Greek politics. The islands became more self-consciously Greek as the 19th century, the century of romantic nationalism, neared. Long a target of Italian expansionism, the Greek civil authorities were replaced by Italians in preparation for a post-war annexation. They are traditionally called the Heptanese ("Seven Islands"; Ἑπτάνησα, Heptanēsa or Ἑπτάνησος, Heptanēsos; Italian: Eptaneso), but the group includes many smaller islands as well as the seven principal ones. The British statesman William Ewart Gladstone toured the islands and recommended that having already Malta, giving the islands to Greece would not hurt the interest of the British Empire. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The airports of Corfu, Zante and Kefalonia were in the top ten in Greece by number of international arrivals, with 1,386,289 international arrivals for 2012, with Corfu being the sixth airport by number of arrivals nationwide, with Zante and Cephalonia also being in the top ten. Vrika Beach. Though considered by ancient authors to be part of the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea is now seen as a separate body of water. The Ionian Islands lie off the western coast of Greece. The islands were a frequent target of Saracen raids and from the late 11th century, saw a number of Norman and Italian attacks. The seven islands are, from north to south: The six northern islands are off the west coast of Greece, in the Ionian Sea. For the administrative unit, see. These are the best places for budget-friendly beaches in Ionian Islands: The Boathouse Bar & Cocktails. By 1944, most of the islands were under the control of the EAM/ELAS resistance movement, and they have remained in general a stronghold of left-wing sentiment ever since. Some remained under the control of the Macedonian Kingdom until 146 BC, when the Greek peninsula was gradually annexed by Rome. In the 18th century, a Greek national independence movement began to emerge, and the free status of the Ionian islands made them the natural base for exiled Greek intellectuals, freedom fighters and foreign sympathisers. [6] The foreign-born population was in 2001 19,360 or 9.3%, the majority of which was concentrated in Corfu and Zakynthos. The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek, Katharevousa: Ἰόνιοι Νῆσοι, Ionioi Nēsoi) are a group of islands in Greece. [10], The region is a popular tourist destination. In Ancient Greek the adjective Ionios (Ἰόνιος) was used as an epithet for the sea between Epirus and Italy in which the Ionian Islands are found because Io swam across it. The two words are still distinguished by stress: the western "Ionia" is accented on the antepenult (IPA: [iˈonia]), and the eastern on the penult (IPA: [ioˈnia]). Kythira is not part of the region of the Ionian Islands, as it is included in the region of Attica. [9] Additionally, unemployment for 2012 was 14.7, the lowest among all Greek regions, and much lower compared to the national unemployment of 24.2. Most of them originate from Albania (13,536). In 1923, following orders by Mussolini, the Italians temporarly occupied Corfu. [5] Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark was born in Corfu in 1921 and grew up to become Britain's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

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